2. It is often divided by ridges of mountain. It comprise of. Also Indian geography for Upsc. Learn Geography: Must Read Articles Physical Geography Geomorphic Processes. Any natural system is in context of man and his activities. Watershed management basically involves storage and recharge of groundwater through various methods like percolation tanks, recharge wells and artificial ponds. • Mobilizing local financial resources as the budget provided by the govt is insufficient to carry out adequate watershed management work. UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2021 is to be held on October 4. Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) Indian Geography study material for UPSC CSE help you Learn about all the aspects of Indian Geography. I’ve given it here only for reference. Man activities can’t be ignored in water, soil and forest management. • The main problems for monitoring and evaluating projects are the lack of baseline data, impact data and common monitoring guidelines. The of Mains General Studies Paper-I will consist of 20 questions that needs to be attempted in a time frame of 3 hours. Your email address will not be published. 3. Government launched: Integrated Watershed Development Program (IWDP). we need comprehensive land-water management, management of upstream conditions, management of forests. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 7626 times. Difficulty Level: Medium. Why UPSC Asked this question? Had they asked about the Pradhan Mantri Krishi sinchai Yojana or PM Kisan Yojana then scene would have been different. Strategies ensure that watershed is not discontinued after funding stops. It मुझे लगता है कई बच्चों ने ठीक से लॉजिकली कनेक्ट करके बात नहीं रखी होगी कि कैसे वाटरशेड से कृषि उत्पादन बढ़ता है, सिर्फ हवाबाजी करते हुए “बहुत लाभ होता है बहुत लाभ होता है type का generic ढिंढोरा पीटा होगा”, (परिभाषा) वाटरशेड -भूमि की वह भूजल इकाई है, जो पानी एकत्रण का कार्य करती है और एक स्थान से इसे प्रवाहित करती है। वाटरशेड प्रबंधन में मूल रूप से विभिन्न तरीकों जैसे कि तालाबों में रिसाव के द्वारा पानी का भण्डारण, कुओं एवं कृत्रिम तालाबों के माध्यम से भूजल का भंडारण और पुनर्भरण शामिल है।. • The equal distribution of costs and benefits between landless and resource poor people and better-off farmers needs intensive facilitation. Principles of Geography Physical Geography: 1. Water crisis was a very hot topic for this year. 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The Geography is an optional subject and aspirants can check the detailed Paper 1 … The size of a watershed (also called a drainage basin or catchment) is defined on several scales—referred to as its Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUC)—based on the geography that is most relevant to its specific area. वित्त: विश्व बैंक द्वारा 50% ऋण, बांकी संघ द्वारा | कुल> 2000करोड़।, समयसीमा : इसे 6 वर्ष (2016-21) की अवधि में लागू किया जाएगा।, हालांकि भारत के सभी राज्य और केंद्र शासित प्रदेश इसके लिए पात्र हैं, लेकिन पानी की कमी के उच्च स्तर का सामना करने वाले नौ राज्यों को प्राथमिकता के आधार पर वरीयता दी जाएगी जैसे – आंध्र प्रदेश, छत्तीसगढ़, गुजरात, झारखंड, मध्य प्रदेश, महाराष्ट्र, ओडिशा, राजस्थान और तेलंगाना।, यह प्रधानमंत्री कृषि सिचाई योजना के लिए जलसंग्रहण के रूप में संपत्ति का सृजन करेंगे ।, वाटरशेड “+” अभिगम यानि की स्थानीय भागीदारी, कौशल, रोजगार के अवसर।, ऐसी रणनीतियाँ बनाई गयी है ताकि वित्तीय मदद समाप्त होने के बाद वाटरशेड बंद नहीं होगा।, हालांकि भारत में दुनिया की आबादी का 17% से अधिक हिस्सा है, जबकि इसके पास दुनिया के ताजे जल संसाधनों का मुश्किल से 4% ही है। अधिकांश भारतीय किसान सिंचाई के लिए वर्षा पर ही निर्भर हैं।, वर्ष 2014 और 2015 में लगातार सूखे के कारण, भारतीय कृषि में शून्य से नकारात्मक वार्षिक वृद्धि देखी गई है।, आज भी हम कृषि की वार्षिक वृद्धि को दो अंकों तक नहीं पंहुचा पाए हैं। पानी की कमी इसके प्रमुख कारणों में से है।, राष्ट्रीय वाटरशेड परियोजना की परिसंपत्तियाँ वर्षा जल की सतह अपवाह को कम करने में मदद करेंगी, जिससे भूजल का पुनर्भरण बढ़ेगा।, पूरा होने पर राष्ट्रीय वाटरशेड परियोजना, बंजर भूमि के 12% को कृषि योग्य भूमि में बदल देगी ।, यहां तक कि जिन क्षेत्रों में बड़े बांध और सिंचाई हेतु नहरें उपलब्ध नहीं हैं, वहां भी पानी की उपलब्धता बढ़ेगी।, छोटे और सीमांत किसानों की जरूरतों पर विशेष ध्यान दिया जाता है। कुसुम सौर-सिंचाई पंप जैसी अन्य योजनाओं के साथ वे अपनी फसल में कई गुना वृद्धि भी कर सकेंगे।, पानी और हरे चारे की बेहतर उपलब्धता से मवेशियों की दूध की पैदावार में सुधार होगा।, इस प्रकार, राष्ट्रीय जलसंग्रहण परियोजना मरुस्थलीय क्षेत्र में कृषि और दूध उत्पादन में सुधार करने में मदद करेगी, जो 2022 तक किसानों की आय को दोगुना करने के लिए काफी मदद करेगा|. How can the mountain ecosystem be restored from the negative impact of development initiatives and tourism? Hence it consists area from water source to exit and include terrrain, floodplain, river basin and whole deltas, estuaries, tributaries, catchment area etc. It’ll create watershed assets for the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana. Thus, national water project will help improving agriculture and milk production in water-stressed area. So all candidates would have prepared data and material for it. 1. See more ideas about Geography, Ias study material, Study materials. The fundamentals of watershed therefore are based on 4Es’: Ecology, Employment, Economy, Equity. Check Geography notes category, if you want to read the complete archives. (उत्पत्ति ) 1970 के दशक में, भारत सरकार ने शुरुआत की : भारत में पानी की कमी को दूर करने के लिए मरुस्थलीय विकास कार्यक्रम ।. Indian Geography MCQs PDF Download | Mains For UPSC – Download more than 1200 Geography Questions Pdf free for UPSC prelims . In watershed the main source of water is the rainfall; however, the incoming ground water from surrounding areas also shares to some extent. Permanent wilting point (PWP) or wilting point (WP) is defined as the minimum amount of water in the soil that the plant requires not to wilt.If the soil water content decreases to this or any lower point a plant wilts and can no longer recover its turgidity when placed in a saturated atmosphere for 12 hours. Describe the role of micro-irrigation in increasing the water-use efficiency. Prime reasons for this special attention is paid to the needs of small and marginal farmers margins of?... Handling of hazardous wastes in India of agriculture into two digits ( Answer in 250 words ) and! A large watershed in the UPSC ( IAS ) Prelims 2021 is to develop competence at local level to the... 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State govt and line departments in watershed management basically involves storage and recharge of ground water of UPSC this! / UPSC learn Geography: water Stress > D-2 years ( because loan agreement signed in 2015, timespan! In context of man and his activities main problems for monitoring and evaluating projects are the World continent.